The National Police Commission is the agency mandated by the 1987 Constitution and the Major Police Reform Laws, Republic Act Nos. 6975 and 8551 to administer and control the Philippine National Police.
Under R.A. 8551, otherwise known as the “PNP REFORM AND ORGANIZATION ACT OF 1998” the Commission’s authority over the PNP were strengthened and expanded to include administration of police entrance examinations, the conduct of pre-charge investigation of police anomalies and irregularities, and summary dismissal of erring police officers.
In 1966, Congress enacted Republic Act 4864 otherwise known as the Police Act of 1966 to provide the foundation for the much needed police reforms in the country. It created the POLICE COMMISSION (Polcom) “to achieve and attain a higher degree of efficiency in the organization, administration and operation of local police agencies; and to place the local police service on a professional level.”
Since 1966, the Commission had undergone changes in its organizational structure. It was reorganized in 1972 as the National Police Commission (Napolcom). Originally under the Office of the President, it was transferred to the Ministry of National Defense in 1975 by virtue of Presidential Decree 765, known as the Police Integration Law. This Decree also established the Integrated National Police (INP) with the Philippine Constabulary (PC) as the nucleus. Ten (10) years later in 1985, it was returned to the Office of the President pursuant to Executive Order No. 1040. In 1989, Executive Order No. 379 placed the INP directly under the “command, supervision and control of the President.”
The same executive order vested the National Police Commission with the powers of administrative control and supervision over the INP. With the passage of Republic Act No. 6975 on December 13, 1990, the Philippine National Police (PNP) was established under a reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). A new National Police Commission was created within the DILG “ for the purpose of effectively discharging the functions prescribe in the Constitution and provided in the Act.”
On February 25, 1998, Congress passed into law Republic Act No. 8551 otherwise known as the “Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998“ thus, amending RA 6975. This Act strengthened and expanded the Commission’s authority over the PNP to include administration of police entrance examination, conduct of pre-charge investigation against police anomalies and irregularities and summary dismissal of erring police members.
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
- Exercise administrative control and operational supervision over the Philippine National Police (PNP) which shall mean the power to:
- Develop policies and promulgate a police manual prescribing rules and regulations for efficient organization, administration, and operation, including criteria for manpower allocation distribution and deployment, recruitment, selection, promotion, and retirement of personnel and the conduct of qualifying entrance and promotional examinations for uniformed members;
- Examine and audit, and thereafter establish the standards for such purposes on a continuing basis, the performance, activities, and facilities of all police agencies throughout the country;
- Establish a system of uniform crime reporting;
- Conduct an annual self-report survey and compile statistical data for the accurate assessment of the crime situation and the proper evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of all police units in the country;
- Approve or modify plans and programs on education and training, logistical requirements, communications, records, information systems, crime laboratory, crime prevention and crime reporting;
- Affirm, reverse or modify, through the National Appellate Board, personnel disciplinary actions involving demotion or dismissal from the service imposed upon members of the Philippine National Police by the Chief of the Philippine National Police;
- Exercise appellate jurisdiction through the Regional Appellate Boards, over administrative cases against policemen and over decisions on claims for police benefits;
- Prescribe minimum standards for arms, equipment, and uniforms and, after consultation with the Philippine Heraldry Commission, for insignia of ranks, awards, and medals of honor. Within ninety (90) days from the effectivity of this Act, the standards of the uniformed personnel of the PNP must be revised which should be clearly distinct from the military and reflective of the civilian character of the police;
- Issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum in matters pertaining to the discharge of its own powers and duties, and designate who among its personnel can issue such processes and administer oaths in connection therewith;
- Inspect and assess the compliance of the PNP on the established criteria for manpower allocation, distribution, and deployment and their impact on the community and the crime situation, and thereafter formulate appropriate guidelines for maximization of resources and effective utilization of the PNP personnel;
- Monitor the performance of the local chief executives as deputies of the Commission; and
- Monitor and investigate police anomalies and irregularities.
- Advise the President on all matters involving police functions and administration;
- Render to the President and to the Congress an annual report on its activities and accomplishments during the thirty (30) days after the end of the calendar year, which shall include an appraisal of the conditions obtaining in the organization and administration of police agencies in the municipalities, cities and provinces throughout the country, and recommendations for appropriate remedial legislation;
- Recommend to the President, through the Secretary, within sixty (60) days before the commencement of each calendar year, a crime prevention program; and
- Perform such other functions necessary to carry out the provisions of R.A. 6975, as amended, other existing laws and Presidential issuances, and as the President may direct.